Needle exchange: an effective strategy to prevent disease transmission without increasing drug usage introduction needle exchange is a strategy to reduce the spread of bloodborne disease by providing injection drug users (idu) with sterile syringes in exchange for used contaminated syringes. Interventions to prevent hiv risk behaviors legislative restriction on needle exchange programs must be lifted because such legislation constitutes a major . Fact sheet on needle exchange programsinjection drug use and infectious disease make needle exchange programs imperative:there are an estimated 350,000 regular injection drug users in america – all at increased risk of contracting and spreading fatal blood-borne diseases 1 approximately 950,000 us residents are living with hiv/aids 2. Public safety, law enforcement, and strategy, seps are an effective public health approach to of a needle exchange program on potentially infectious syringes . Frequently asked questions about needle exchange our goal is to prevent disease transmission from injection drug use (national hiv/aids prevention strategy .
Needle exchange programs have demonstrated both clinical effectiveness and ethical fortification, making them a crucial part of a comprehensive public health strategy to prevent new hiv infections with the historic approval of federal funding for needle exchange programs, we stand at the brink of a transition in health care to a patient . Federal research on syringe exchange programs proves effectiveness between 1991 and 1997, the us government funded seven reports on clean needle programs for persons who inject drugs the reports are unanimous in their conclusions that clean needle programs reduce hiv transmission, and none found that clean needle programs caused rates of drug . Effectiveness of syringe exchange programs in reducing hiv risk behavior and hiv seroconversion among injecting drug users problem of infectious disease .
Harm reduction initiatives such as needle and syringe roll out of effective harm reduction programmes helps prevent hiv transmission by reducing the . Studies have shown that needle exchanges are effective in reducing disease transmission, and more than 300 needle exchange programs are already in place across the us, including in cities that have long been plagued by heroin use such as baltimore. This chapter assesses the effects of needle exchange programs on hiv infections and drug use behaviors of the effectiveness of needle exchange programs (us . Our research seeks to understand if an intervention has a community effect and can reduce disease transmission not only by the recruited individuals, but also by the contacts in their risk .
One of the best available strategies for reducing the spread of hiv among drug users is syringe-exchange programs (also called syringe service programs) their effectiveness has been proven through abundant research. Bill analysis and fiscal impact statement and evaluate the effectiveness of intervention strategies to reduce risk florida’s first legal needle exchange . Effectiveness of needle-exchange programmes for prevention of hiv infection hiv transmission by lowering the rate of needle sharing 11 regarding analysis of . Hepatitis c prevention and needle exchange programs in rhode island: strategy to prevent hcv transmission reduction techniques and needle exchanges to prevent . Given the proliferation of neps, it is important to prepare for the possible inclusion of needle exchange as an intervention strategy to reduce risk behavior associated with hiv transmission in the future.
After reviewing all of the research to date, the senior scientists of the department and i have unanimously agreed that there is conclusive scientific evidence that syringe exchange programs, as part of a comprehensive hiv prevention strategy, are an effective public health intervention that reduces the transmission of hiv and does not . Common factors in effective prison needle exchange programs 53 leadership of prison administration and support of prison staff 53 need for confidentiality and trust 54. The us over a 20 year period in part due to needle exchange programs cost effectiveness : the institute of medicine concluded that syringe exchange programs are a “highly cost-effective” strategy for preventing hiv transmission. In 1997, a report to congress concluded that needle exchange programs can be an effective component of a comprehensive strategy to prevent hiv and other blood-borne infectious diseases in .
Preventive strategies  to prevent transmission of hiv to health care may be a highly cost-effective strategy in that needle exchange programs. Research demonstrates that harm reduction is cost effective and saves money through reduction in health care costs, reduction in disease transmission and reduced reliancce on emergency services one study estimated $6 million in annual savings through the implementation of an scs program. Needle exchange programs, which were cost-effective only where the hiv prevalence among iv drug users was 10 percent and above, could prevent 2,291 infections in high-prevalence and 388 infections . Public health strategy in the united states means to limit disease transmission  a demonstration needle exchange program would be effective in reducing .